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发布日期:2021年12月06日
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Overview

COLONY: Founded by James Oglethorpe on February 12, 1733; 13th colony
STATEHOOD:  January 2, 1788; 4th state
CAPITAL: Atlanta, since 1868
MOTTO:  "Wisdom, justice, and moderation"
NICKNAMES:  Empire State of the South; Peach State
TOTAL POPULATION:  9,687,653; 9th most populous in United States (as of 2010 census)
LAND AREA:  57,513 square miles (as of 2010 census); 24th largest in United States
COASTLINE:  100 miles
HIGHEST POINT:  Brasstown Bald, 4,784 feet
LOWEST POINT:  Sea level at the Atlantic Coast
COUNTIES: 159
ELECTORAL VOTES:  16 (as of the 2010 U.S. census)
U.S. CONGRESS:  2 senators; 14 representatives (as of the 2010 election)
GOVERNOR:  Brian Kemp
LATITUDE:  30° 31' N to 35°
LONGITUDE:  81° W to 85° 53' W
LENGTH & WIDTH:  300 miles long and 230 miles wide
GEOGRAPHIC CENTER:  in Twiggs County, 18 miles southeast of Macon还敢逃吗师尊 还敢逃吗师尊全部章节在线阅读 ,过度反应BY阿司匹林 过度反应BY阿司匹林最新章节免费
HIGHEST RECORDED TEMPERATURE:  112°F, July 24, 1952, at Louisville; and August 20, 1983, at Greenville (Meriwether County)
LOWEST RECORDED TEMPERATURE:  -17°F, January 27, 1940, at CCC Camp F-16
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE:  from a high of 92.2°F to a low of 32.6°F

State Symbols

STATE FLOWER:  Cherokee rose
STATE GAME BIRD:  Quail
STATE SONG BIRD:  Brown thrasher
STATE TREE:  Live oak
STATE VEGETABLE: Vidalia onion
STATE CROP: Peanuts
STATE FRUIT: Peach
STATE GRAPE:  Muscadine 
STATE REPTILE:  Gopher tortoise
STATE AMPHIBIAN:  Green tree frog
STATE FISH:  Largemouth bass
STATE MARINE MAMMAL: Right whale
STATE MINERAL: Staurolite
STATE SONG:  On April 24, 1979, "Georgia on My Mind" (music by Hoagy Carmichael and lyrics by Stuart Gorrell) was designated Georgia's official state song. It was performed on March 7, 1979, before the state legislature by Georgia native Ray Charles.
STATE FLAG:  Georgia's state flag was adopted by the 2003 General Assembly. It is based on the first national flag of the Confederacy, the "Stars and Bars," with the state coat of arms in gold in the center of a circle of thirteen stars, which represent Georgia and the original twelve other states that formed the United States. Beneath the coat of arms is the national motto: "In God We Trust."
STATE THEATRE:  Following a successful restoration effort that spared it from demolition, Governor Jimmy CarternamedColumbus's Springer Opera House the State Theatre during the 1971-72 season—a designation the General Assembly made permanent in 1992. Opened in 1871, the Springer has hosted such notables as Oscar Wilde, Edwin Booth, and Booker T. Washington, and is one of only a small number of theaters to be named a National Historic Landmark.
GREAT SEAL:  The Great Seal of Georgia was adopted by an act of the General Assembly in 1799. The commonly seen reverse of the seal depicts an arch with "Constitution" engraved on it, supported by three pillars emblematic of the three branches of government: legislative, judicial, and executive. The first pillar has engraved upon a scroll "Wisdom," the second, "Justice," and the third, "Moderation." A uniformed man with a drawn sword, representing the aid of the military in defense of the Constitution, stands between the columns. The obverse of the seal depicts a ship with cottonand tobacco, and a man plowing, representing the seal's motto, "Agriculture and Commerce." The date 1776 refers to the date of the Declaration of Independence.

Population

State Population by Decade, 1790-2010
YearTotal
179082,548
1810252,433
1820340,989
1830516,823
1840691,392
1850906,185
18601,057,286
18701,184,109
18801,542,180
18901,837,353
19002,216,331
19102,609,121
19202,895,832
19302,908,506
19403,123,723
19503,444,578
19603,943,116
19704,589,575
19805,463,105
19906,478,149
20008,186,453
20109,687,653
Source: U.S. Census Bureau
 
还敢逃吗师尊 还敢逃吗师尊全部章节在线阅读 ,过度反应BY阿司匹林 过度反应BY阿司匹林最新章节免费
20 Largest Cities by Population (2010 Census)
CityPopulation
Atlanta420,003
Augusta195,844
Columbus189,885
Savannah136,286
Athens115,452
Sandy Springs93,853
Macon91,351
Roswell88,346
Albany77,434
Johns Creek76,728
Warner Robins66,588
Alpharetta57,551
Marietta56,579
Valdosta54,518
Smyrna51,271
Dunwoody46,267
Rome36,303
Peachtree City34,364
Gainesville33,804
East Point33,712
Source: U.S. Census Bureau
 
20 Largest Counties by Population (2010 Census)
CountyPopulation
Fulton920,581
Gwinnett805,321
DeKalb691,893
Cobb688,078
Chatham265,128
Clayton259,424
Cherokee214,346
Henry203,922
Richmond200,549
Muscogee189,885
Hall179,684
Forsyth175,511
Bibb155,547
Paulding142,324
Houston139,900
Douglas132,403
Coweta127,317
Columbia124,053
Clarke116,714
Carroll110,527
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Geography

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Major Lakes (Reservoirs) in Georgia
ReservoirYear CreatedCreated ByPurposeRiver or Creek ImpoundedSize (in acres)
Lake Allatoona1950Army Corps of EngineersFlood controlEtowah River basin12,010
Lake Andrews1963Army Corps of EngineersNavigationLower Chattahoochee River1,540
Bartlett's Ferry (Harding1926Georgia Power CompanyPowerMiddle Chattahoochee River5,850
Lake Blackshear1930Crisp County Power CompanyPowerFlint River8,700
Black Shoals2000Big Haynes Creek Impoundment AuthorityWater supplyBig Haynes Creek650
Blue Ridge1930Tennessee Valley AuthorityPowerToccoa River3,290
Lake Burton1919Georgia Power CompanyPowerTallulah River2,775
Carters Lake1977Army Corps of EngineersPowerCoosawattee River3,220
Lake Chatuge1942Tennessee Valley AuthorityFlood control, powerHiwassee River7,050
Lake Chehaw (Worth)1919Georgia Power CompanyPowerFlint River, Muckalee Creek, Kinchafoonee Creek1,400
Clarks Hill (J. Strom Thurmond)1954Army Corps of EngineersFlood control, powerSavannah River, Little River71,535
Walter F. George1963 Army Corps of EngineersNavigation, power, water supplyChattahoochee River45,180
Goat Rock1912Georgia Power CompanyPowerChattahoochee River940
Lake Hartwell1963Army Corps of EngineersFlood control, powerSavannah River56,000
High FallsunknownGeorgia Power CompanyGrist mill, power, recreationBuck Creek650
Jackson Lake1910Georgia Power CompanyPowerAlcovy River, South River, Yellow River, Tussahaw Creek4,750
Lake JulietteunknownGeorgia Power CompanyPower (cooling water)Rum Creek, Chambliss Creek3,600
Lake Lanier1956Army Corps of EngineersWater supply, Flood control, power, navigationChattahoochee River38,000
Lake Nottely1942Tennessee Valley AuthorityPower, navigation, flood controlNottely River4,180
Lake Oconee1979Georgia Power CompanyPowerOconee River, Apalachee River, Richland Creek, other creeks19,050
Lake Oliver1926Georgia Power CompanyPowerMiddle Chattahoochee River2,150
Lake Rabun1915Georgia Power CompanyPower, water supplyTallulah River834
Richard B. Russell1983Army Corps of EngineersFlood control, powerSavannah River26,650
Lake Seminole1957Army Corps of EngineersNavigation, power, recreationFlint River, Chattahoochee River37,500
Lake Sinclair1953Georgia Power CompanyPowerOconee River, Apalachee River15,330
Lake TobesofkeeunknownBibb CountyRecreationTobesofkee Creek1,750
Lake TugalounknownGeorgia Power CompanyPowerTallulah River, Chattooga River597
Lake Varner1991Newton CountyWater supplyCornish Creek850
Weiss Lake1961Alabama Power CompanyPowerCoosa River30,200
West Point Lake1974Army Corps of EngineersFlood control, power, navigation, recreationChattahoochee River25,900
Source: Amanda K. Parker, University of Georgia
 
20 Largest Counties by Total Area
CountySquare Miles
Ware906.6
Burke835.1
Clinch824.2
Laurens818.6
Charlton783.0
Camden782.5
Emanuel690.4
Bulloch688.9
Washington684.4
Screven655.7
Wayne648.9
Chatham646.3
Decatur623.2
Coffee602.7
Liberty602.6
Glynn583.1
McIntosh574.8
Worth574.6
Colquitt556.6
Thomas552.1
Source: Carl Vinson Institute of Government, University of Georgia
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Courtesy of Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Georgia Libraries